A low-noise amplifier (LNA) is an electronic amplifier that amplifies a very low-power signal without significantly degrading its signal-to-noise ratio. An amplifier will increase the power of both the signal and the noise present at its input, but the amplifier will also introduce some additional noise. LNAs are designed to minimize that additional noise. Designers can minimize additional noise by choosing low-noise components, operating points, and circuit topologies. Minimizing additional noise must balance with other design goals such as power gain and impedance matching.
Dioon Technology LNAs are found in radio communications systems, medical instruments and electronic test equipment. A typical LNA may supply a power gain of 100 (20 decibels (dB)) while decreasing the signal-to-noise ratio by less than a factor of two (a 3 dB noise figure (NF)). Although LNAs are primarily concerned with weak signals that are just above the noise floor, they must also consider the presence of larger signals that cause intermodulation distortion.
An LNA is a specialized amplifier designed to amplify weak signals while introducing minimal additional noise to the signal. LNAs are commonly used in RF and microwave systems to improve the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and enhance the sensitivity of receivers. Here's some information about LNAs:
- Signal Amplification: The primary function of an LNA is to amplify weak signals without introducing significant additional noise. LNAs are typically placed at the front end of a receiver chain to boost the received signal's power level before further processing and demodulation. They provide gain to overcome the losses in subsequent stages of the system and improve the overall system sensitivity.
- Low Noise Figure: LNAs are designed to have a low noise figure, which is a measure of the additional noise introduced by the amplifier. The lower the noise figure, the less noise is added to the signal during amplification. LNAs aim to minimize noise contribution to maintain the integrity and quality of the received signal.
- High Linearity: LNAs strive to provide high linearity to avoid distortion and intermodulation effects. Linearity refers to the ability of the amplifier to reproduce the input signal faithfully at the output without introducing nonlinear distortions. High linearity is crucial in applications where the received signal contains multiple frequency components or where the amplifier may be exposed to strong interfering signals.
- Gain and Stability: LNAs provide gain, which is the ratio of the output signal power to the input signal power. The gain of an LNA helps compensate for signal losses and improves the SNR. Additionally, LNAs are designed to maintain stability, ensuring consistent performance across various operating conditions and frequencies.
- Frequency Range: LNAs are available in a wide range of frequency options, covering RF and microwave frequencies. The specific frequency range of an LNA depends on the application requirements, such as cellular communication, satellite communication, radio astronomy, and more.
- Noise Figure and Gain Trade-off: LNAs typically exhibit a trade-off between noise figure and gain. Increasing the gain of an LNA often leads to a higher noise figure, as amplifying the signal also amplifies the inherent noise. Designers aim to strike a balance between achieving sufficient gain and maintaining a low noise figure based on the specific application's requirements.
- Power Supply and Biasing: LNAs require appropriate power supply and biasing to operate correctly. Biasing circuits ensure the amplifier is properly biased and optimized for performance. Power supply requirements, such as voltage and current, depend on the specific LNA design and application.
LNAs are essential components in RF and microwave systems, particularly in receiver chains, where amplification of weak signals is necessary. They are utilized in various applications, including wireless communication, radar systems, satellite communication, scientific research, and more, to enhance the sensitivity and overall performance of the system.
Low Noise Amplifier (LNA)
|NO||Part No.||minimum Frequency (MHz)||Maximum Frequency (MHz)||Typical Gain (dB)||Gain Flatness (±dB)||Typical Noise Figure (dB)||Typical Out P1dB (dBm)||Typical Out IP3 (dBm)||Return Loss in (dB)||Return Loss out (dB)||Operating Voltage (V)||Connector||Data Sheet|
|1||LNA-1-8000-SF||1||8000||24 to 12||__||2.5||11||24||> 10||> 10||3.3||SMA Female|
|2||LNA-1-20000-SF||1||20000||13.5||1.5||3.8||17||29||> 10||> 10||8||SMA Female|
|3||LNA-10-1000-SF||10||1000||25 to 20||__||1||23||37||> 10||> 10||5||SMA Female|
|4||LNA-10-6000-SF||10||6000||18.5||1.2||1.4||20||31||> 10||> 16||5||SMA Female|
|5||LNA-20-3000-SF||20||3000||19.5||0.6||1.2||20||32||> 12||> 18||5||SMA Female|
|6||LNA-40-800-SF||40||800||22||0.8||1||24||39||> 15||> 15||5||SMA Female|
|7||LNA-40-6000-SF||40||6000||16||0.6||3.6||14||26||> 12||> 10||5||SMA Female|
|8||LNA-50-8000-SF||50||8000||16||1||3.8||12||25||> 10||> 8||5||SMA Female|
|9||LNA-100-2500-SF||100||2500||25 to 14||__||0.7||21||35||> 10||> 15||5||SMA Female|
|10||LNA-100-3000-SF||100||3000||25 to 10||__||0.8||20||34||> 12||> 12||5||SMA Female|
|11||LNA-100-4000-SF||100||4000||25 to 9||__||1||20||34||> 9||> 14||5||SMA Female|
|12||LNA-200-4000-SF||200||4000||25 to 7||__||1||22||38||> 10||> 15||5||SMA Female|
|13||LNA-300-20000-SF||300||20000||17 to 12||__||2.8||14||26||> 10||> 8||7||SMA Female|
|14||LNA-400-3200-SF||400||3200||25 to 8||__||0.5||17||35||> 10||> 17||3.3||SMA Female|
|15||LNA-500-2500-SF||500||2500||20||0.4||1||21||33||> 12||> 18||5||SMA Female|
|16||LNA-500-7000-SF||500||7000||21||0.9||1.5||20||32||> 12||> 10||6||SMA Female|
|17||LNA-500-12000-SF||500||12000||17||1.2||2.5||14||25||> 8||> 10||5||SMA Female|
|18||LNA-800-8000-SF||800||8000||18||1||2.2||16||28||> 10||> 12||6||SMA Female|
|19||LNA-1000-18000-SF||1000||18000||26||1||3.5||23||32||> 12||> 12||12||SMA Female|
|20||LNA-1200-2500-SF||1200||2500||23 to 17||__||0.5||18||32||> 12||> 10||5||SMA Female|
|21||LNA-2000-18000-SF||2000||18000||27 to 16||__||2.2||14||24||> 8||> 8||5||SMA Female|
|22||LNA-2000-20000-SF||2000||20000||13.5||1.5||2.8||16||28||> 10||> 10||8||SMA Female|
|23||LNA-2000-28000-KF||2000||28000||16||1||2.5||15||26||> 10||> 12||5||K Female|
|24||LNA-3000-20000-SF||3000||20000||13.5||1.5||2.4||14||26||> 10||> 10||7||SMA Female|
|25||LNA-4000-12000-SF||4000||12000||26 to 20||__||1.6||14||24||> 10||> 15||5||SMA Female|
|26||LNA-6000-18000-SF||6000||18000||13||0.8||4.5||18||28||> 10||> 10||5||SMA Female|
|27||LNA-8000-20000-SF||8000||20000||22||0.3||2.2||12||18||> 10||> 10||3.5||SMA Female|
|28||LNA-8000-26500-SF||8000||26500||22||0.8||2.2||11||18||> 8||> 10||3.5||SMA Female|
|29||LNA-18000-45000-KF||18000||45000||26 to 20||__||3.8||12||22||> 8||> 8||2.5||K Female|
|30||LNA-20000-36000-KF||20000||36000||19||1||2.5||5||12||> 8||> 8||3.3||K Female|
|31||LNA-24000-32000-KF||24000||32000||24||2||2.4||12||22||> 10||> 10||2.5||K Female|
|32||LNA-24000-40000-KF||24000||40000||26 to 20||__||2.5||12||22||> 8||> 8||2.5||K Female|